Zoonotic diseases are diseases with the potential to be transmitted from animals to humans. Also known as a disease that is normally seen in animals but has the ability to infect humans. Some animals carry pathogens which are commonly shared with humans as livestock or through produce condumption. Zoonotic diseases are also caused by germs including viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi. Victims of Zoonoses may deal with mild to serious illness and possibly death. learn more here.How are they spread?
Zoonotic diseases happen commonly in the United States and the rest of the world. This is because there are various ways of spreading these diseases. Direct contact is one of the methods of transmitting Zoonotic diseases
|Zoonotic Diseases:||Caused by:||Detectable Symptoms:|
|Anthrax||Direct contact and ingestion||High fever, meningitis, nausea, shortness of breath, muscle aches, sore throat, vomiting, loss of appetite, abdominal pain
swelling in the sore of a cut(Cutaneous Anthrax)
|Avian Influenza||Direct contact||Mild illness, ruffled feathers, drop in egg production|
|Bovine tuberculosis||Milk||Emaciation, lethargy, weakness, anorexia, low-grade fever, pneumonia, moist cough|
|Salmonella||Foodborne||Nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, fever, chills, headache, blood in the stool|
|Hepatitis E||Temporarily unknown||Fatigue, weight loss, nausea, loss of appetite, pain on the right side of your belly under rib cage, jaundice, dark urine, clay-colored stool, sore muscles, fever|
|Lyme disease||Tick bite||Fever, chills, severe headaches, fatigue, muscle and joint aches, swollen lymph nodes, Erythema migrans (EM) rash, joint swelling, facial palsy more info here|
|Bubonic Plague||Flea bite||Buboes might be situated in the groin, armpit, or neck, about the size of a chicken egg, tender, and warm to the touch
Other signs and symptoms may include: sudden onset of fever and chills, headache, fatigue, or malaise
|Rabies||Saliva from infected animals||Fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, agitation, anxiety, confusion, hyperactivity, difficulty swallowing, excessive salivation ,hydrophobia because of the difficulty in swallowing, hallucinations, insomnia, partial paralysis|
|Ebola||Direct contact, inoculation, ticks||Fever, severe headache, muscle pain ,weakness, fatigue, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal (stomach) pain, unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising)|
|West Nile fever||Mosquito bite||Headache, high fever, neck stiffness, disorientation, coma, tremors, seizures, or paralysis|
Engineering allows the mass production of vaccines, making more cures available to stop the spread of zoonotic disease.learn more here.